Periodontal (Gum) disease is bacterial infections that destroy the attachment fibers and supporting bone that hold your teeth in your mouth. The main cause of these diseases is bacterial plaque that constantly forms on your teeth. Retained plaque mineralizes to a hard substance called calculus. Retained calculus extends from above the gum line towards the base of the gum resulting in gum diseases. Aggravating Factors for Gum Disease includes; Smoking / tobacco use, Systemic disease like diabetes, hormonal imbalance, Puberty and Pregnancy, Stress, Prolong Medication, Abnormal oral habits, Nutritional deficiency and Genetics. Symptoms of Gum disease includes; Bleeding gums, mobile teeth, Appearance of gaps in between teeth, Painful gums, sensitivity, fluid discharge in between the teeth and gums. Treatment includes deep scaling, root planning and curettage, flap surgery, bone grafting, repair gum recession and augmentation.
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